Labour Market

Labour force

According to the latest statistics, in 2014 the labour force in Bulgaria consisted of 3.4 million people – 53% men and 47% women. Most of the labour force (86%) has completed some forms of higher or upper secondary education.
 

Thousand

  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Total 3400.9 3 341.4 3 344.3 3 371.2 3 365.9
By sex          
Male 1 804.7 1 786.1 1 782.8 1 796.6 1 798.6
Female 1 596.2 1 555.3 1 561.5 1 574.6 1 567.3
By place of residence          
Urban 2 624.2 2 598.2 2 605.9 2 631.1 2 636.7
Rural 776.6 743.2 738.4 740.1 729.2
By age          
15-24 269.9 253.6 247.9 229.6 200.3
25-34 669.8 798.8 788.3 778.2 767.7
35-44 1018.8 889.2 919.1 939.1 941.0
45-54 903.6 830.7 813.6 814.8 821.0
55-64 464.2 519.9 534.9 560.9 578.7
65 and over 44.5 39.1 40.4 48.5 57.2

Source: National Statistical Institute

 

Labour force by level of education in 2014

Source: National Statistical Institute

 

Labour costs in Bulgaria are more than 6.5 times lower than the EU average.
In 2014 the average monthly wage per employee amounted to EUR 423, increased in nominal terms by 6.7%. The employer pays social security costs for employees of 13 % on top of their salary.

 

Average monthly salary of employees by labour contract

Source: National Statistical Institute, Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry